Hurricane - a storm with a violent wind, in particular a tropical cyclone in the Caribbean., El Nino - is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperatures in the Pacific Ocean. El Niño is an oscillation of the ocean-atmosphere system in the tropical Pacific having important consequences for weather around the globe., La Nina - A cooling of the water in the Pacific Ocean that occurs at irregular intervals and is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns. It can persist for more than two years., Oscillation - Movement back and forth at a regular speed, Prevailing Westerlies - The winds are prevailing winds from the west toward the east in the middle latitudes between 30 and 60 degrees latitude., Polar Easterlies - These winds blow close to the north and south poles. They blow away from the poles and curve east to west., Trade Winds - These occur near the equator and flow from either the north or south towards the equator. They curve towards the west due to the spin of the Earth., Gulf Stream - warm ocean current from the Atlantic Ocean off eastern North America. It originates in the Gulf of Mexico and passes through Florida and then flows northward along the southeast coast of the United States., Jet Stream - a narrow, variable band of very strong, predominantly westerly air currents encircling the globe several miles above the earth., Latitute - invisible lines on a map that go from West to East, Longitude - invisible lines on a map that go from North to South, Coriolis Effect - This tries to force winds to shift towards the right or left. The coriolis effect can at times cause winds to blow back up the pressure gradient.,




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