Famine - 5-7m dead (1932-33), Resistance - strongest in the Ukraine - led to loss of livestock. Pigs only reached 1914 levels in 1956, dekulakisation - Between 9.5m and 10m were exiled, often the most successful peasants, Harvest - slow - Harvest of 1933 was 9m tons less than 1926, Wages - fell by half between 1928 and 1932, Meat consumption - for urban workers fell by 1/3, Private markers - Failed to end the private market with 50-70% of products produced on private plots, Increase in grain produced - 1928 - 0.03m tons - 1931 - 5m tons, Mechanisation - Did improve but it was slow, 75,000 tractors produced but in 1932 only 1/2 of Russian farms had access. They didn't make up for the loss of horses., Control - Strengthened Stalin's control over the party and the peasants, Party support - United the party behind Stalin and blamed the peasants, Exports - Grain exports allowed the funding of industrialisation, NEP vs collectivisation - Grain procured was more than NEP levels - 1928 - 10.8m tons, 1933 - 22.6m tons, Urbanisation - Improved providing a workforce,




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