1) According to Article II, section 3 of the Constitution the President... a) Acts upon this doctrine to initiate legislation b) Calls upon him to discuss the "state of the union" c) Can only veto a piece of legislation if Congress allows him to. d) Holds responsibilities identical to that of a CEO e) ONLY proposed programs of their own during the 19th century. 2) How does the President deal with domestic unrest? a) Work with state officials in calling upon the national gaud to lessen riots. b) Refrains from interfering completely  c) Can use the Military to enforce state laws and stop immigration from other countries.  d) Invoke the CIA to detain Japanese Americans in WW2 whose loyalty was in question.  3) Which two departments are charged with formulating the President's budget?  a) Office of Management and Budget (OMB) b) Executive Office of the Presidency (EOP) c) The Treasure  d) A federal bank e) Anyone working in a cabinet-level position 4) The general purpose of the Vice President in American Politics  a) Serve as an individual trying to become familiar with the Presidential position in order to become president. b) Balance the President's ticket by appealing to other voters who may not completely favor the president. c) Usually, enter the white house immediately after the President leaves office. 5) When did President Trump seem to have the greatest popularity in his term? a) During the final 6 months. b) It remained consistent his entire time in office. c) Early on, during the "honeymoon" period. 6) Which cases do the federal courts have jurisdiction over?  a) Cases involving parties in one or more states. b) Maritime and trade legal matters c) Most criminal cases involving the violation of state laws. d) Disputes over patents. 7) Which of the following is TRUE regarding Appellate Courts?  a) Review ALL cases sent to them for appeals.  b) Match the number of District Courts equally. c) Serve as a middle layer between District Courts and Supreme Courts.  d) Use judges and juries to review the appeals from District Courts. 8) How have the appointments of Supreme Court Justices become more politicized?  a) Presidents make less effort to vet their potential appointments. b) Reflect minority rule c) The 3 more recent judges have been appointed by a President who did not win the popular vote. d) Justices have a far more difficult time being appointed into these positions after they are appointed by the President. 9) When considering Judicial review, we can agree that... a) The practice is fairly old dating back to the Civil War b) Government officials who do not comply with a court order will eventually face repercussions.  c) The Supreme Court seems to hear every and all cases brought to them. d) Was heavily used during the Trump/Obama administration to block executive orders.  10) Strict Constructionist interpreting of the Consitution. a) Tends to focus on what is intended rather than what is explicitly said. b) Narrow reading on the Consitution. c) Relays heavily on what is literally/directly stated.  d) Most likely to fall in line with the ideologies of Democratic Liberals. e) Takes into consideration the cultural changes in society when interpreting the Consitution.  11) Economic growth in America... a) Was strongly monitored and addressed by the government from the 1830s to the 1910s b) Resembled that of laissez-fair  c) Has always been centered around keeping the unemployment rates low.  d) Would be allowed to naturally run its course to "purge" the economy of underlying problems. 12) What 3 sectors of society account for 3/4s of the countries government spending? a) Social Security and Medicare for Senior citizens.  b) National Defense  c) Education d) Interest payments on government debt. e) Travel f) Business tax cuts 13) Large US trade deficits represent what?  a) Naturally stem from all trade deals, especially those in connection to Trump.  b) Reflect the country's low levels of private savings and high levels of deficit spending. c) Maybe less than what the general public believes due to trades with Apple  d) Have not less under the Trump Administration  14) Results from the 1934 Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act. a) Further solidified the role of Congress in facilitating trade.  b) This resulted in the President has little to no say in America's trades.  c) Shifted the power to trade from Congress to the President. d) Focused on the country having a single individual speak for the national interests.   15) Describe health insurance in America. a) Functions identically to Germany's usage of universal health care.  b) The employer-centered system of health care mostly rose during WW2.  c) Healthcare offered through employers was a tact used to attract already scarce workers to these positions. d) The US's system of private healthcare is a well-suited model for countires of all economies. 16) In regards to the Covid-19 Pandemic a) It set the US up a world leader in healthcare and serving the poor during this time. b) It exposed major weaknesses in the US healthcare system. c) This showed that the US economy does not need to be completely open to thrive.  d) It emphasized the importance of a leader in the federal government who is equipped with handling crises. 17) Generally speaking, how do Americans feel towards Congress? a) They loath the institution but favor their individual representatives. b) Americans not only loath the institution but also their individual representatives.  c) Americans hold great love for the institution and their individual representatives. d) They love the institution but loath their individual representatives. 18) What plays into the re-election of incumbents for Congress?  a) Bringing home large "pork barrels" of winnings for their districts/states. b) A decline in swing states makes the outcomes far more predictable.  c) Incumbent's greatest advantage is their name recongintion. d) Senators get re-elected at greater rates than Represtives because they serve a far less complex population. 19) How has gerrymandering impacted elections? a) It no longer allows for the traditional democratic practice of voters choosing their representatives. b) Has no relation whatsoever to the re-election of Senators or Representatives.  c) Has played a massive role in strengthening our American Democracy.  d) Has been practiced by members of both the Republican and Democratic parties. 20) How are the chairs of Congressional committees awarded? a) They are based on which party holds the majority.  b) Seniority is mostly used as a key qualification.  c) Are appointed directly by the President's Chief of Staff. d) Do not stand for any significance and normally not a highly sought-after position. 21) True/False: Are the House and Senate's leadership roles/responsibilities identical?  a) True b) False 22) Which of the following statements regarding the passing of a bill is false? a) MUST be signed by the President to become a law.  b) Must first pass through the floor committees with most bills never leaving this part.  c) Must be approved in identical forms by the House and Senate.  d) Bills are never amended once they are passed.  e) Get's evaluated for its potential cost to the Federal Budget and Economy. 23) Describe one of the biggest shifts in voting patterns throughout California.  a) The Bay Area has become more competitive between Republican and Democratic candidates.  b) The Central Valley is a deep blue (Democratic) c) Orange county has shifted from identifying as predominately Republican to predominately Democratic.  d) Republican candidates are having issues winning elections in rurual areas.




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