Abraham Lincoln - 16th President of the United States, 13th Amendment - abolished slavery, Johnson's Reconstruction Plan - If a former Confederate state wrote a new state constitution, elected new government, repealed its act of secession, canceled its war debts, and ratified the 13th amendment it could rejoin the Union, 14th Amendment - former slaves are now citizens and have equal protection under the law, 15th Amendment - gave the right to vote to African American Men, Battle of Chickamauga - fought in Georgia, Confederates won but did not protect area, Union re-grouped and started to Atlanta, Freedman's Bureau - organization created to provide medical care, housing, education and jobs to for slaves and poor whites. acks after the Civil War, Radical Republicans - After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South., Congressional Reconstruction Plan - Divided the South into 5 military districts and stationed troops in each district (also called Radical Republican Reconstruction Plan, Lincoln's Plan (10% Plan) - The South could rejoin the union when 10 percent of voters had taken an oath of allegiance to the United States, accept Emancipation, and write a new state constitution, Emancipation Proclamation - 1. slaves in Confederate States would be free 2. Confederate states who were not rebelling against the Union could keep their slaves 3. no slaves were freed after the Proclamation was issued, sharecropping - A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops., tenant farming - system of farming in which a person rents land to farm from a planter, KKK - white supermacy group formed in the South who used violence and fear towards freed slaves, Jefferson Davis - President of the Confederate States of America (CSA), Battle of Gettysburg - 3 day battle that was a turning point in the war for the Union. It ended Lee's hopes of invading the North., Union Blockade - Union used navy ships to prevent the South from trading cotton with the British, Anaconda Plan - Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south., Atlanta Campaign - General Sherman's plan to take Atlanta because it was a railroad hub. Succeeded and burned much of the city to the ground, Gen. William Sherman - Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah., Ulysses S. Grant - Union General for the Army, Robert E. Lee - Commander for the Confederate Army, March to the Sea - General Sherman's destructive path from Atlanta to Savannah. Destroyed everything along the way and captured Savannah., Andersonville Prisoner of War Camp - Notorious Confederate prison in Georgia where many Union prisoners died from disease and starvation., Reconstruction - Plan for rebuilding the South after the Civil War, King Cotton Diplomacy - the South's political strategy during the Civil War; it depended upon British and French dependency on southern cotton to the extent that those two countries would help the South break the blockade, Black Codes - laws passed by the South in response to the 13th Amendment, literacy tests, poll tax to vote, could not have interracial marriages,
Civil War and Reconstruction
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