1) National economies develop forward over time a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 2) National economies may stay static or move backward a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 3) National scale of analysis a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 4) International scale of analysis a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 5) Investment for economic growth is funded internally a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 6) Peripheral countries are dependent on core countries to finance investment for economic growth a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 7) Economic change focused on single country a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 8) Economic change focused on interdependence & interaction between countries a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 9) View of international trade may help countries grow economically a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 10) View of international trade strengthen in core countries because they export manufactured goods but restricts development in peripheral countries because they primarily export natural resources a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 11) Limitation: Based on the US and European countries so did not fit non-western cultures or non-capitalist countries. a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 12) Limitation: Assumed everyone can eventually lead a life of high mass consumption without considering sustainable development or carrying capacity of the earth a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 13) Limitation: Has limited practicality because it suggests countries can change their status in the world economic system but doesn’t explain how a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 14) Limitation: Suggested all countries have the potential to develop without recognizing that some factors such as physical size, natural resources, and political systems could limit a country’s ability to develop a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 15) Limitation: Fails to recognize the role that international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as influential UN agencies or private nonprofit charitable groups such as Doctors Without Borders play in development a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 16) Limitation: Suggested development is always linear & headed in the direction of progress; didn’t recognize the role international aid often plays in development a) Rostow b) Wallerstein 17) Limitation: Locks countries into a level with little opportunity to advance. a) Rostow b) Wallerstein

Rostow versus Wallerstein

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