Political map - Designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states and counties., Physical map - Shows major landforms such as mountains, lakes, and rivers., Special Purpose map - These maps help you focus on specific or certain details., Cardinal directions - North, east, south, and west, commonly denoted by their initials: N, E, S, W., Latitude - Lines that run parallel to the earth’s equator, and measure degrees north and south of the equator., Longitude - Lines that run vertical and are parallel to the Prime Meridian. These lines measure east and west of the Prime Meridian., Atlas - Book of maps or charts., Rural - The countryside rather than the town. These areas often have a lower population when compared to surrounding areas., Urban - Characteristic of a city or town. These areas typically have a higher population when compared to surrounding areas., Key / Legend - A table that explains what the symbols are on a map., Map Scale - Helps to measure distance on a map., Cartographer - A person who creates maps., Globe - A spherical, round projection of the earth., Prime Meridian - This line is 0 degrees longitude and divides the earth into the eastern and western hemispheres., Equator - 0 degrees latitude and divided the earth into the northern and southern hemispheres., Hemisphere - Half of the earth., Elevation - A method for representing part of the surface of the earth. This is typically measured by feet above or below sea level., Remote Sensing - Scanning of the earth by satellite or high-flying aircraft in order to obtain information about it., GPS - A radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location., GIS - A system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of spatial or geographical data.,
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