addition - Reaction where a molecule joins to an unsaturated molecule to produce a saturated molecule., carbocation - A positive ion with the positive charge on a C atom., dehydrogenation - Elimination of hydrogen., free radical - Species with an unpaired electron., hydration - Addition of water., hydrolysis - A reaction involving the breaking of bonds due to reaction with water., saturated - Molecule containing no double bonds., optical - Type of stereoisomerism: molecules which are non-superimposable mirror images, position - Type of structural isomerism: Structural isomers that differ by having the functional group in a different position, unsaturated - Molecule containing double bond(s). , empirical - Formula that gives the simplest ratio of atoms of each element in a compound, displayed - This type of formula shows all the bonds and atoms in a molecule, aliphatic - Organic compounds containing C chains and branches., cyclic - Organic compounds containing C rings (not aromatic rings)., electrophile - Lone pair acceptor., functional group - The atom or group of atoms that is responsible for most of the chemical reactions of a molecule., hydrocarbon - Molecule containing hydrogen and carbon only., nucleophile - Lone pair donor., stereoisomers - Molecules with the same molecular and structural formulae but a different spatial arrangement of atoms., structural isomers - Molecules with the same molecular formula but different structure,

Year 13 Organic definitions Part 1





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