Pericles - the leader of Athens's government; directed the rebuilding of Athens, Acropolis - the hill above the Greek city, on which temples were built, Mount Olympus - the believed home of the gods; a real mountain in Greece, the oracle of Delphi - A priestess who would answer questions by going into a trance, Greek temples  - beautiful dwellings for the gods and goddesses; religious ceremonies were conducted outside, frieze - a band of sculptures located above the columns of a temple, Parthenon - a temple to honor Athena built on a rectangular platform with 17 columns on each side and 8 columns in the front and back, Phidias - designed the figures that line the frieze on the Parthenon; sculpted the statue of Athena inside the Parthenon, later Greek sculpture - more realistic statues in natural poses, showing muscles, hair, and clothing in much greater detail, early Greek sculpture - influenced by Egyptian styles; figures that faced front, with their arms held stiffly at their sides, Theater of Dionysus - open-air theaters built into the sides of a hill; shaped like a bowl, Dionysus - the god of merriment; Greek plays developed out of songs and dances performed at harvest time to honor him, Socrates - One of the greatest philosophers in Athens; encouraged people to question the very things they thought they knew, Panathenaea - a festival to honor Athena that included parades and athletic events, the Olympics - athletic events held every 4 years to honor the god Zeus; the Greeks would call a truce from all wars so athletes could travel safely to the games,





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