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Peasant Farmer: largest and lowest social class in ancient Egypt, unskilled laborers, grew the crops that supplied everyone with food, helped build monuments like the pyramids during the season of Shait, in times of famine, forced to boil papyrus for food, paid taxes in the form of crops, Artisans: highly skilled laborers, created some of the most beautiful art objects in the ancient world, carpenter, metalworker, stonecarver, fabric weavers, never allowed to sign their own work, depended entirely on their employers for food, Scribes: Egypt's official writers and record keepers, worked for government, priests, or nobles, only boys attended school run by priests, Had to memorize over 700 hieroglyphs, tools included papyrus, sharpened reeds, and tablets, one of the only ways an Egyptian could rise to a higher social class, Priests: oversaw all religious ceremonies, temple priests oversaw temples , those who were women oversaw temples devoted to music and dancing, performed mummification, purified themselves by bathing in holy pools, shaving body hair and avoided fish, Government Official: job was to assist the pharaoh, vizier, chief treasurer, general of the armies, led lives of luxury, attended nightly banquets with the best food the Nile River Valley provided, Pharoah: political leader of ancient Egypt, primarily role to maintain order and direct people's behavior, viewed as a living god, power passed to first born son, all people of Egypt paid taxes to him, Smallest population but greatest power in ancient Egypt,

Social Classes of Ancient Egypt 2


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