Carbohydrates - Provides energy. Starch releases energy slowly when digested into glucose. Sugar releases energy quickly (If carbohydrate is not used to produce energy in the body it is changed to fat and stored leading to weightgain), Proteins - Growth - so it is very important in the diet of children. Building and repair of body cells - so important for all age groups., Fats and Oils - All fats and oils have the same use in the body- provide long term energy and insulate the body (keep it warm). Protect delicate organs like the kidneys. Provide fat soluble Vitamins A, D, E,K., Fruit and Vegetables - You should eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day. They contain important vitamins and minerals that help prevent disease as well as fibre which can lower cholesterol, keep the bowel healthy and help digestion, Dairy - Dairy and dairy alternatives are good sources of protein and vitamins. They also contain calcium, which helps keep our bones healthy and strong. Semi-skimmed, skimmed, and 1% fat milk all contain less fat than full-fat milk, but still give you protein, vitamins and calcium., Water - The body constantly loses fluid through breathing, sweating or going to the toilet and therefore this needs to be replaced. Aim to drink 6-8 glasses of fluid each day to help keep the body hydrated.,





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