CARBOHYDRATES - Naturally occuring compounds, consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, whose primary function in the body is to supply energy., MONOSACCHARIDE - The simplest type of carbohydrate. Monosaccharides, which cannot be broken down chemically into simpler carbohydrates, also are known as simple sugars, DISACCHARIDE - A carbohydrate which is a double sugar from 2 monosaccharides, POLYSACCHARIDE - A carbohydrate composed of more than six monosaccharide, ALPHA GLUCOSE - Isomer of glucose with OH group below carbon 1, BETA GLUCOSE - Isomer of glucose with OH group above carbon 1, SUCROSE - Common sugar a disaccharide made up of the monosaccharides fructose and glucose. Found in fruit, LACTOSE - Disaccharide made from the monosaccharides galactose and glucose. Found in milk, MALTOSE - Disaccharide made from two alpha glucose molecules, STARCH - Made of many alpha glucose molecules arranged in 2 different structural units: amylose and amylopectin. Used for storage in plants. Insoluble, GLYCOGEN - Similar structure to amylopectin, alpha 1-6 glycosidic bonds giving branched structure., CELLULOSE - Long chains of beta glucose molecules joined by beta 1-4 glycosidic bonds, GLYCOSIDIC BONDS - Bonds holding the monomers in carbohydrates together, CONDENSATION - Bonds are made with the release of a water moleculee made with the release of a water moleculeBonds are made with the release of a water molecule, HYDROLYSIS - Bonds broken with the addition of water,





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