3 grams - How much salt adults should consume a day, 8 grams - How much salt the average American actually consumes a day, Manufactured, processed, fast - The types of food 75% of salt in the U.S. diet comes from, Flavonoids - Phytochemicals that protect against cancer and heart disease (green tea, onions, apples), Polyphenols - Phytochemicals that are also powerful antioxidants, Folic acid - Vitamin found in beans, dark and leafy veggies, and fruits; helps with fetal development, Nutraceutical - Supplement intended to treat or prevent disease, Glycogen - How carbs are stored in the body, E. Coli - Bacterial infection carried in contaminated water, milk, or beef, Salmonella - Pathogen carried in uncooked eggs and chicken, 160 degrees F - Fully cooked chicken temperature that prevents illness, 145 degrees F - Temperature of fully cooked steak that prevents illness, low sodium - 140 g of salt of less in foods, high fiber - 5g or more in foods, gluten - proteins found in carbohydrates (some people can be allergic to this), Gamma irradiation - nonchemical way of preserving food; destroys fungi and bacteria, functional food - When vitamins are added to a food to make them more nutritional, reactive hypoglycemia - drop in blood sugar when insulin is secreted; occurs after eating a lot of sugar, sulfites - chemical added to foods to kill bacteria and slow chemical breakdown of ingredients, artificial sweeteners - 200-10k more sweet than sugar,

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