1) Define Threatened  a) Most likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future unless the steps are taken to prevent decreasing b) Species that are in serious danger of extinction and have already been reduced to critically low numbers or have experienced drastic habitat c) Species that no longer exist across their former range d) most often a non-native species that spreads from a point of introduction to become naturalized and negatively alters its new environment 2) Define Invasive a) Most likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future unless the steps are taken to prevent decreasing b) Species that are in serious danger of extinction and have already been reduced to critically low numbers or have experienced drastic habitat c) Species that no longer exist across their former range d) most often a non-native species that spreads from a point of introduction to become naturalized and negatively alters its new environment 3) Define Endangered a) Most likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future unless the steps are taken to prevent decreasing b) Species that are in serious danger of extinction and have already been reduced to critically low numbers or have experienced drastic habitat c) Species that no longer exist across their former range d) most often a non-native species that spreads from a point of introduction to become naturalized and negatively alters its new environment 4) Define Extinct a) Most likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future unless the steps are taken to prevent decreasing b) Species that are in serious danger of extinction and have already been reduced to critically low numbers or have experienced drastic habitat c) Species that no longer exist across their former range d) most often a non-native species that spreads from a point of introduction to become naturalized and negatively alters its new environment 5) Who or what is eligible to be listed as threatened or extinct  a) All species of plants, animals, pests and insects b) Pests and Insects c) All species of plants and animals 6) Threatened, endangered, extinct and invasive species offset the balance of biodiversity and can cause severe negative impacts on an ecosystem a) True b) False 7) Which organization studies threatened, endangered, extinct and invasive species ? a) Future Farmers of America (FFA) b) The fish and wildlife services c) Penndot 8) Why do we study threatened, endangered, extinct and invasive species? a) Ecological Importance  b) Agricultural signifigance c) Medical Value d) All of the above 9) The united states environmental protection agency (EPA) is an environmental agency that helps protect species a) True b) False 10) When was the Endangered Species Act founded? a) 2001 b) 1997 c) 1973 11) What is the purpose of the Endangered Species Act? a) Allows for identification and protection of endangered species and their habitats b) Forces species to go extinct c) Collects Species 12) What is Biodiversity? a) Biomes and their locations b) The variety of organisms on earth and the foundation of ecosystem stability c) Change over time 13) Which of the following are considered a level of biodiversity ? a) Genetic b) Species c) Ecosystem d) All of the above 14) List one human interaction that impacts ecosystems a) Global Warming b) Threatened Species c) Travel Bans 15) Define Adaptation  a) change over time b) evolution c) Special modifications or characteristics that help an organism better survive in its environment 16) Define a structural adaptation  a) Behavioral characteristic that helps an organism survive  b) A physical characteristic that helps an organism survive in its environment c) Environmental change that helps an organism survive 17) Provide an example of a structural adaptation a) spiders making webs b) plants growing toward the sun c) webbed feet 18) Define a behavioral adaptation  a) A physical characteristic that helps an organism survive in its environment b) A species that grows and develops  c) Something an animal does - how it acts - usually in response to some type of external stimulus 19) Which is an example of a behavioral adaptation? a) What an animal can eat b) How an animal moves c) How an animal may protect itself d) All of the above 20) Which is an example of camoflage? a) A seahorse with body attachments that help it to look like sea weed b) An insect with coloration on its body that look similar to an owls eyes c) A bright tree frog that is poisonous 21) Which is an example of mimicry? a) A seahorse with body attachments that help it to look like sea weed b) An insect with coloration on its body that look similar to an owls eyes c) A bright tree frog that is poisonous 22) Which is an example of warning coloration? a) A seahorse with body attachments that help it to look like sea weed b) An insect with coloration on its body that look similar to an owls eyes c) A bright tree frog that is poisonous 23) A reflexive behavior is something that is triggered by an external stimulus, which would be an example of this   a) courtship rituals b) playing dead to avoid predators c) raising young 24) An instinctive behavior is something that an organism carries out because they are genetically prone to do so (not a learned behavior), which would be an example of this a) suckling behavior of newborns b) plants growing toward the sun c) migration 25) There are 7 factors that make a species prone to extinction, which of the following is an example of this? a) Wolves once lived in Pennsylvania, they were eliminated because people were afraid of them and they killed cattle   b) Penguins are a flightless bird that live in the artic c) Insects are able to reproduce rapidly in a short period of time 26) There are 7 factors that make a species prone to extinction, which of the following is an example of this? a) Darwin's finches have an array of beaks that allow them to eat different food b) Koalas are picky eaters and only eat eucalyptus c) Purple loosestrife lives in all continental states 27) There are 7 factors that make a species prone to extinction, which of the following is an example of this? a) Bog turtles are a primary consumer b) Asian carp are large and have big appetites c) Canada geese migrate to avoid harsh climates 28) Which is an example of an invasive species in the United States? a) Asian Carp b) Ground Sloth c) Passenger pigeon 29) Which of the following is a threat to biodiversity? a) habitat loss b) pollution c) increase in human population d) all of the above 30) Who is a culprit for invasive animals a) the pet an aquarium trade b) farmers c) scientists 31) There are 3 major concerns for invasive species, which of the following is an example of this a) Biomes b) Economic c) Travel 32) Which of the following is an impact of invasive species concerning ecosystems a) Food security decreased b) High cost of controlling pests, weeds and diseases c) Causing extinctions of native plants and animals 33) Which of the following is an impact of invasive species regarding social concerns a) Food security decreased b) High cost of controlling pests, weeds and diseases c) Causing extinctions of native plants and animals 34) Which of the following is an impact of invasive species concerning the economy  a) Food security decreased b) High cost of controlling pests, weeds and diseases c) Causing extinctions of native plants and animals 35) Kudzu was introduced as a plant to prevent erosion and as a food source for livestock. Kudzu grows well and has thrived in the warm climate of the southern states covering acres of land and everything in its path. This is an example of a) An invasive species   b) A species that is introduced accidentally into an ecosystem  c) Species being introduced to solve a problem, but they themselves then become a problem

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