1) What is "Self"?   a) self people's perceptions of their worth b) the identity, which includes the roles, behaviors, and attributes. c) the ability to bounce back from trauma  d) is the passion which drives an individual to keep on pursuing goals. e) when children are happy f) none of these 2) Well developed emotional skills look like a) Using problem-solving skills instead of physical aggression  b) regulating and recognizing their emotions c) developing social skills needed to play and learn with others d) a. b, and c e) b and c f) none of these 3) When social and emotional development domains are joined it is called a) prosocial behavior b) self-regulation c) IEP d) optimism e) social-emotional development  f) none of these 4) By age four children will a) develop a sense of humor b) become less fearful c) be able to control impulses  d) all of these e) have a sense of self f) have a healthy concept. 5) Which of these do not help with developing a child's sense of self a) punishments b) giving each child one on one positive guidance opportunities every day c) helping a child express their sense of emotion  d) including each child's families within the learning environment e) Creating a home-like environment or setting  f) Posting documentation of their learning 6) Flexible temperament is a) fussy b) fearful c) easily upset d) reacts negatively to new situations e) withdrawn f) none of these 7) The characteristics of a child's approach to learning are  a) optimism, grit, and resilience  b) The ability to focus and control attention, and persistence c) Rhyming, alliteration, and sentence segmenting d) Flexible problem solving e) a and d f) c and a 8) To help children "see" who they are, educators can  a) none of these b) give them a mirror and let them see c) d, e, and f d) represent all children's home languages and cultures within the learning environment  e) learn rules, traditions, and expectations  f) Pronounce their names correctly  9) Helping children develop healthy self-esteem, as an educator you can a) build on their strengths  b) support their interest and talents c) help children understand that plans are not always successful  d) help make friends e) a,b,c, and d f) c and d 10) Educators can support creative thinking by a) give children lots of practice time b) letting children know that messes are ok c) all of these d) offering ongoing encouragement e) Helping children see that their mistakes aren't failures but opportunities to learn f) Limiting competition, but encouraging cooperative learning  11) The stages of scribbling, drawing, and painting are  a) pictures of objects or people b) controlled scribbling c) lines and patterns d) random scribbling e) a,b,c, and d f) b,c, and d 12) The developmental progression of music and movement for Preschoolers a) enjoys silly songs b) dramatize songs c) participate in group games and movement dances d) play musical instruments alone or with a group e) a,b,c, and d f) none of these 13) Sociodramtic play a) fosters imagination b) new ways of thinking c) problem solving d) helps children understand others e) none of these f) a,b,c, and d 14) Which one of these IS NOT punishment a) shames children b) intimidates children c) focuses on what children cannot do  d) embarrasses e) makes children feel worthless and angry f) empowers children 15) The first thing educators should do to help children resolve conflicts is a) gather information   b) restate the problem c) follow up support d) ask for solutions e) acknowledge children's feelings f) approach calmly and stop any hurtful actions 16) Physical aggression is  a) hitting b) kicking c) pinching d) pushing e) a, b, c, and d f) none of these 17) Ways to stop bullying among preschoolers are a) teach needed social skills b) speak to children positively c) use books or props to act out scenarios d) partner with families e) maintain reciprocal communication with families  f) all of these 18) Relational aggression a) can be severe just like bullying b) involves repeated, hurtful, exclusions of one child by others  c) threats d) none of these e) a, b, and c f) b and c 19) When considering the reasons for children behavior  a) look for patterns b) lack of skills, such as social, emotional, or language  c) lack of transitions d) temperament  e) illness or family situation f) all of these 20) Educators can prevent and reduce stress throughout the day by a) limiting time for children to wait b) constantly changing the routines  c) not planning activities when it is cold or rainy d) having some fun  e) planning group activities f) a ,d, and e  21) Facts about Autism Spectrum Disorder are a) 40% of people with autism have average or above-average intelligence  b) ASD symptoms and signs typically show up between 2 and 3 years old  c) ASD is 4 to 5 times more common among boys than girls d) There is no medical way to detect ASD and there is no cure for autism  e) the term describes certain brain development disorders that lead to difficulties in social interactions or communication  f) all of these

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