1) One of the most famous masks of the Dolomites carnival is that of the bufòn, or court jester. It features a very long nose, and at the end of that very long nose, a charm in the shape of: a) a horn-shaped pendant or wine flask b) a flower or boot c) a four-leaf clover or peanut 2) Among the many fossils that we can find as we walk along the trails of the Dolomites, ammonites are the most recognisable due to their spiral shape; they are so widespread, we can use them to date the layers of rock. For this reason, they are also referred to as: a) index fossils b) pilot fossils c) trace fossils 3) The Dolomites have changed over the years, not only in terms of the landscape but also in terms of its imagery. In 2013, artist Andrea Grotto spoke of the relationship between fear and imagination by "unmasking" an old folkloric figure from the towns of Erto and Casso. Who was the Legróśega? a) an old woman, two meters in height and clothed in sheepskins b) a goat-footed witch c) a mask worn at the Friulian carnival 4) People would carry loads through the mountains mainly on their shoulders using portable structures such as the fièrcole, a wooden frame worn on the back. Its name, however, varies from valley to valley. Can you recognize which of these names is made up? a) Kraz b) Bastin c) Trazin 5) Before the advent of tourism, many men and women who had left their own villages to seek their fortunes, such as the Sedonere of Friuli, the Ciode and Ciodéti of Feltre, and the Gelatieri of Zoldo, crossed the Dolomites passes with great effort. What was the trade in which seasonal fassani workers excelled? a) Painting and decorating b) Chair making c) Knife sharpening 6) In 1872, at a time when women did not enjoy the same level of freedom as today, two friends, Amelia Edwards and Lucy Renshaw, made a journey through the Dolomites, which were still unknown to the general public, and documented their adventure in a book called, "Untouched Peaks and Unknown Valleys". Which of these means of transport was not used by Amelia and Lucy? a) Carriage b) Mule c) Hot-air balloon 7) The Dolomites take their name from dolomite, a particular type of sedimentary rock discovered by a young scientist: Déodat de Dolomieu. To the naked eye, however, dolomite looks very similar to limestone... What might help us tell them apart? a) A chisel for testing hardness b) Hydrochloric acid (HCl) c) Some simple nail polish remover 8) The production of dairy products in the high mountains begins with the dairy farmer who uses a special tool to remove the cream that has surfaced in the containers where the milk has been left to rest. The milk is then poured into a churn and agitated; after a while, the cream turns into butter, which is also known as: a) unto b) ónto c) brama 9) In the mountains, the household has always been centred around the fire, where people would gather on cold winter evenings. Nowadays, we are all familiar with stoves, but at one time, the fireplace in mountain homes was open and surrounded by benches. It had an ancient name... What was it? a) stube [farmhouse kitchen] b) kachelofen [cocklestove] c) larin [fire pit] 10) During the Great War, the mountain passes, became obstacles to be conquered, just like the summits and saddles. Four passes around Marmolada played leading roles in acts of war: Passo Fedaia, Passo Padon, Passo Ombretta and... a) Passo Ombrettola b) Passo Pordoi c) Passo delle Erbe (Würzjoch) 11) At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the sledge went from being a working tool to a piece of equipment for recreational sport, so much so that the first sledging club in Ortisei was founded in 1896. What does the expression "S'araité cun la liösa" mean? a) sledging b) going uphill with the sledge c) transporting logs downstream by sledge 12) The mountains have a voice that is made up of thousands of sounds. Listen to one of them by scanning the QR Code. Can you guess which Dolomite animal it belongs to? a) Alpine chough b) Marmot c) Roe deer d) Wood grouse
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