Protocols - Rules that govern communications, Standards - Allow different network technologies work together, Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) - Protocol that governs the way a web server and a web client interact, Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) - Transport protocol that manages the individual conversations between web servers and web clients, Internet Protocol (IP) - Responsible for taking the formatted segments from TCP, encapsulating them into packets, assigning them the appropriate addresses and delivering them across the best path to the destination host, OSI Model - Open system that has seven layers, TCP/IP Model - Internet standard model that has four layers, Data - The general term for the Protocol Data Unit (PDU) used at the application layer, Segment - Segmented data associated with the transport layer , Packet - Packeted data associated with the network layer , Frame - Associated with the data link layer , Bits - A Physical layer Protocol Data Unit used when physically transmitting data bits over the medium, Bluetooth - Standard used to connect wireless devices over a 10 m distance, Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) - Known as 2nd generation standard for mobile networks (2G), Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) - Known as 3rd generation standard for mobile networks (2, Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) - WAP is the set of rules governing the transmission and reception of data by computer applications on or via wireless devices like mobile phones, Wireless Markup Language (WML) - Standard designed to describe content and format for presenting data on limited-bandwidth devices such as mobile phones, IRDA (Infared Data Association) - Uses invisible signals to transfer data from one device to another over a short distance,

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