1) Motivational Interviewing was first used in the ___________________ field. a) medical b) substance abuse & addiction c) mental health d) justice 2) Motivational Interviewing is a _____________________ method for enhancing ________________ motivation by exploring and resolving __________________________. a) client-centered; intrinsic; ambivalence b) practical; personal; resistance c) result-centered; external; excuses d) client-centered; intrinsic; resistance 3) The four processes of Motivational Interviewing include all but which of the following? a) Planning b) Engaging c) Evoking d) Advising e) Focusing 4) ________________________ is the key to the work of Motivational Interviewing. a) Asking open-ended questions b) Persuasion c) Reflective listening d) Offering advice 5) The Spirit of Motivational Interviewing includes all but which of the following? a) Partnership b) Acceptance c) Evocation d) Education e) Compassion 6) The O in OARS stands for: a) Organization b) Open-ended questions c) Objectives d) Open-mindedness 7) __________________ is a predictor of behavior change. a) Clinician expertise b) Accurate empathy  c) Client willingness to change d) Client personality 8) Clients who use preparatory change talk __________________. a) will likely be resistant and difficult. b) need advice. c) are ready to begin discussing a plan. d) have not yet resolved their ambivalence. 9)  When clients voice sustain talk it means ______________________. a) they are expressing the opposite side of their ambivalence. b) they are not willing to change. c) they are just making excuses. d) they need more convincing. 10) _____________ often comes intertwined with _____________ and is the nature of ambivalence. a) Desire; motivation b) Apathy; indifference c) Sustain talk; change talk d) Resistance; excuses 11) Motivational Interviewing is not ________________, but is a ___________________. a) a series of techniques; way of being with clients. b) effective until people have hit rock bottom; great tool once clients have no other options.  c) intended to be used with other interventions; superior, stand-alone technique. d) easy to learn; guaranteed game changer once you master it. 12) The desire to want to fix the problem and offer direction is referred to as ___________________. a) the authority complex b) the superiority syndrome c) the righting reflex d) effective expertise 13) The use of metaphor or amplifying emotion are examples of ________________. a) complex reflections b) lack of listening skills c) simple reflections d) critical thinking skills 14) Providing information or advice in an MI-adherent manner may be accomplished in each of the following ways except: a) by offering a menu of options from which the client may choose b) asking permission to share feedback c) reminding client of their autonomy d) insisting client follow your agency's protocol   e) using the elicit-provide-elicit framework 15) Motivational Interviewing is a(n) _______________ style of conversation, helping others find their way by combining aspects of directing and following. a) authoritarian b) experiential c) guiding d) controlling

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