Observation - A way of studying behaviour in a natural or controlled setting, Overt - Participants behaviour is watched with their consent, Naturalistic - Behaviour is watched in the setting it would normally occur in, Non-participant - The researcher can record behaviour in a more objective way as they are not part of the group, Covert - This type of observation is less likely to have demand characteristics, meaning the data is more valid, Replication - The opportunity to repeat an investigation under the same conditions in order to test the reliability of the findings., Reliability - Concerns the consistency of a measurement, would we get the same results each time, External validity - The degree to which the research findings can be generalised to other settings,times and populations., Extraneous - Any variable other than the IV that might have an effect on the DV if it is not controlled, Controlled - A type of observation conducted in a structured environment, Participant - A type of observation with good external validity but potentially at risk of researcher bias,





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