1) Why was travel throughout Greece difficult for ancient Greeks? a) Glaciers filled most of the valleys b) Mountains blocked travel by land c) Horses were only used as farm animals d) Shipbuilding was unknown to early settlers 2) Which civilization began on the island of Crete? a) Minoan b) Mycenaean c) Spatran d) Trojan 3) Which period began with the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization? a) the Trojan War b) the Greek Dark Age c) the Peloponnesian War d) the Golden Age of Greece 4) Where did many ancient Greeks seek refuge in times of invasion? a) in harbors b) in colonies c) in an agora d) in an acropolis 5) One of the cities that were first settled as Greek colonies? a) Istanbul b) London 6) One of the cities that were first settled as Greek colonies? a) Marseilles b) Paris 7) One of the cities that were first settled as Greek colonies? a) Rome b) Naples 8) How did Solon's political reforms affect Athenian government? a) They gave more power to Athenian citizens. b) They supported the rule of Athenian tyrants c) They freed enslaved people in Athens. d) They redistributed the wealth of Athens among its citizens. 9) Who is known as the father of democracy? a) Aristotle b) Cleisthenes c) Pericles d) Thucydides 10) Which statement BEST characterizes ancient Athenian democracy? a) voting on a secret ballot b) voters chose politicians to represent them c) Laws that were created by the people were written into a constitution. d) JJuries were made of mostly 6 people 11) Characteristic of ancient Athenian democracy? a) Citizens could decide court cases. b) Wealthy landowners controlled politics 12) Characteristic of ancient Athenian democracy? a) A constitution represented the will of the people. b) Foreigners were granted the right to vote. 13) Characteristic of ancient Athenian democracy? a) Women had the same political rights as men. b) Male citizens had the freedom to voice their opinions 14) How was the 18th century US republic different than Athenian democratic government? a) American believed in majority rule b) Americans believed in the rule of law c) American citizens elected representatives to make and execute laws. 15) Why did Sparta develop a military society? a) Kings outlawed political reforms b) Spartans were allied with Persia c) Spartans feared a slave uprising and believed that warriors could best protect their citizens 16) Which individual had the most political power in Sparta? a) helots b) kings c) soldiers d) elected officials 17) How were Athenian and Spartan societies different? a) Athenian women owned more property than did Spartan women. b) Unlike Spartan boys, wealthy Athenian boys were trained to be musicians. c) Unlike Spartan men, Athenian men were not required to join the army. 18) Who were metics in Athenian society? a) foreigners who worked i unskilled professions b) poor boys who were trained to become craftsmen c) wealthy boys who were educated by private tutors d) enslaved people who often worked as police officers 19) Why was the Delian League often referred to as the Athenian League? a) The other Greek city-states in the alliance rebelled against Athens b) The money that the Greek city-states contributed to the alliance was kept in Athens. c) THe Athenian militaty dominated the other Greek city-stated in the alliance. 20) What happens first in chronological order. a) Athens and Sparta join together to defeat the Persians in the Persian Wars b) Athens and Sparta form their own alliances of Greek city-states. c) Sparta lays siege to Athens, starting a war lasting ten years 21) What happens second in chronological order. a) Athens and Sparta join together to defeat the Persians in the Persian Wars. b) Athens and Sparta form their own alliance of Greek city-states. c) Sparta lays siege to Athens, starting a war lasting ten years. 22) What happens third in chronological order. a) Sparts lays siege to Athens, starting a was lasting ten years b) Athens and Sparta form their own alliances of Greek city-states. c) Athens ans Sparta join together to defeat the Persians in the Persian Wars. 23) What happens fourth in chronological order? a) Sparta becomes the dominant power in Greece. b) Athens sends its navy to conquer Sicily. c) Athens and Sparta declare a truce. 24) What happens fifth in chronological order? a) Athens sends its navy to conquer Sicily b) Athens and Sparta declare a truce. c) Sparta becomes the dominant power in Greece. 25) What happens sixth in chronological order? a) Athens and Sparta declare a truce. b) Athens sends its navy to conquer Sicily c) Sparta becomes the dominant power in Greece 26) Which statement best describes ancient Greek religion? a) Greeks borrowed gods from other faiths. b) Greeks believed that there was only one god. c) Greeks created mythology to explain why natural events occured 27) god of the sun, in whose honor the temple at Delphi was constructed a) Apollo b) Zeus c) Demeter d) Hephaestus 28) head of the gods, in whose honor the ancient Olympic games were held a) Apollo b) Hephaestus c) Demeter d) Zeus 29) god of fire, who the ancient Greeks believed caused volcanic eruptions a) Zeus b) Hephaestus c) Demeter d) Apollo 30) goddess of agriculture, who the ancient Greeks believed controlled the seasons a) Zeus b) Hephaestus c) Demeter d) Apollo 31) Why are Homer's the Iliad and the Odyssey significant pieces of literature? a) They are accurate historical accounts of the Trojan War. b) They influenced the theological development of Christianity and Islam. c) They are classical works influencing later writers of Western Civilization 32) What is the purpose of Aesop's fables? a) to teach moral lessons b) to show that animals can reason c) to demonstrate shared cultural values. 33) What is of the following Greek word that has been used to name places on the earth? a) Atlas b) Augustus c) Himalaya 34) What phase borrowed from Greek literature? a) It is his Achilles heel. b) He is a good Samaritan. 35) What phase borrowed from Greek literature? a) It is the blind teaching the blind. b) It is a Herculean task. 36) What phase borrowed from Greek literature? a) He is a wolf in sheep's clothing. b) He has the Midas touch. 37) How did ancient Greek architects create columns for their temples that appeared to be straight up and down? a) They made them thick. b) They made the very short. c) They made them out of marble. d) They made them wider in the middle. 38) Who is credited with commissioning the construction of the Parthenon? a) Aristotle b) Phidias c) Pericles d) Socrates 39) Which statement BEST characterizes the Socratic method? a) Believe in nothing b) Never question authority c) Assume every statement is a lie d) Question beliefs in search of the truth. 40) How did Aristotle influence Greek scientists? a) He proved that diseases were caused by bacteria. b) He created a standard measurement of distances. c) He promoted making decisions based on reasonable assumptions. 41) doctor known for ideas about how doctors should behave a) Hippocrates b) Euclid c) Archimedes d) Pythagoras 42) considered one of the world's greatest mathematicians a) Hippocrates b) Euclid c) Archimedes d) Pythagoras 43) inventor of technologies such as the water screw a) Hippocrates b) Euclid c) Archimedes d) Pythagoras 44) defined the characteristics of a right triangle a) Hippocrates b) Euclid c) Archimedes d) Pythagoras

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