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Plasma Membrane - Separates cell from surroundings. Controls movements of substances in and out of cell. , Cytoplasm - Gel like substance (water/salts/proteins) that contains all organelles, Nucleus - Contains most of the cells genetic material (DNA) which controls processes in the cell., Nucleolus - Where ribosomes are assembled from RNA and proteins., Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum - Site of protein synthesis, flat sacs with ribosomes attached, large surface area, Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum - Site of chemical reactions, lots of enzymes, flat sacs with no ribosomes., Golgi Apparatus - Collects, modifies and distributes substances made by the endoplasmic reticulum. Produces lysosomes. , Vesicles - Transport substances in and out of the cell. , Lysosomes - Contain digestive enzymes. Site of food/foreign body breakdown., Ribosomes - Convert amino acids to proteins. Protein synthesis. , Mitochondria - Converts chemical energy into ATP. Aerobic respiration. , Centrioles - Separation of chromosomes in cell division., Vacuole - Stores food, water and waste products. Bigger in plant cells than animal cells, Chloroplast - Converts light energy into sugar and oxygen, Cell wall - Consists mainly of cellulose to provide rigidity,

Organelle Functions


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